I think you heard about supercomputer before but do you know the who is first develop this computer and many questions like this stay connected Friends, in this post today You are going to read about a supercomputer, what is a supercomputer and its uses and when was it built.
What Is Super Computer?
Computers with very fast processing speed and high storage capacity are called supercomputers.
It is constructed by connecting thousands of high-capacity processors in parallel.
In this, multi-processing and parallel processing are used. In parallel processing, a task is broken into pieces and done by different processors.
Many users can work on a supercomputer; hence it is also called a multiuser computer.
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The processing speed of supercomputers is calculated in seconds per FLOPS i.e., Floating Point Operations Per Second.
Here floating point means any work done by the computer, which also involves fractional numbers. The speed of current supercomputers is being measured in petaflops.
The operating system in a supercomputer:
The performance of a supercomputer is measured in FLOPS, which means floating-point operations per second.
That is why the more FLOPS the computer has, the more powerful it will be. A supercomputer is a computer that currently performs at the highest operational rate.
It is mostly used for scientific and engineering applications.
Which operating system is in supercomputer?
Supercomputer performance measured in FLOPS is done, which means floating-point
operations per second. That’s why the computer in which the more FLOPS there are, the more powerful. Its most used scientific and engineering applications are made to do so.
What is the cost of a supercomputer?
The price of a supercomputer depends on, what is the speed of floating-point per second calculates from.
The faster the supercomputer, the more it costs the more it will be, the more expensive it will be.
Therefore, it is not easy to build and use a supercomputer. It happens, Supercomputers typically cost $25,000 but the cost of big supercomputers is 300-400 million US, up to the dollar.
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What are the advantages of supercomputers?
Supercomputers were developed by many big companies like IBM, PayPal. is used, this computer is not only from a normal computer. Provides more speed but online fraud also reduces.
It works thousands of times faster than a normal computer. Due to this, we can do maximum work in less time. Overall, supercomputers are a part of today’s fast-paced world.
Running has become a necessity. on some areas have become so dependent that they cannot work without supercomputers it could happen.
Today we are living in the age of information technology and this technology
Can’t happen without a computer. The computer we use in daily life when used, it is called a simple computer. Simple Complex Syrup Simple Tasks Like Trivia Calculations.
It can be done, viewing pictures, typing text. but big, Supercomputers are needed for work.
How does a supercomputer work?
Supercomputers are used for scientific and engineering experiments that require extensive databases and high-level calculations.
Supercomputers are very fast, powerful, and expensive. That is why it is used where there is a need to do very large and fast calculations.
Apart from this, it is also used in special operations, because there is a lot of time constraints in special operations, they have to do more work in less time.
What do supercomputers do?
Let me explain to you a little bit about where supercomputers are used. The following tasks are mainly done by supercomputers
When and who made the supercomputer?
If you study the history of the computer, then you will come to know that it is not the contribution of anyone, but it is made up of the contribution of many people.
Different people have contributed differently in making computers at different times. After that, we have got this amazing machine (computer).
But if we talk about only one person, then Seymour Cray (1925-1996) has contributed the most to making supercomputers. That’s why he is given the most credit for creating the supercomputer.
World’s first supercomputer:
Many years of hard work put in by many scientists is hidden in making supercomputers. After different experiments done by many great scientists, today we have got the present supercomputer.
The term supercomputer was first used in 1920 by the New York World newspaper for tabulators manufactured by IBM.
Early supercomputers were designed in the 1960s by Seymour Cray of Control Data Corporation USA.
Most supercomputers during the 1970s were based on vector processing technology.
But in the 1980s and 1990s, vector processing was replaced by parallel processing technology. Due to which 5 billion calculations can be done per second in supercomputers.
The speed of early supercomputers was found in mega-flops.
But it has been further improved. Currently, the speed of supercomputers is gigaflops. The world’s first supercomputer is ILLIAC 4 which started working in 1975.
It was created by Daniil Slotnik. It was capable of working on 64 computers at a time. 8 lakh words could be stored in the main memory of this computer.
This supercomputer could solve 300 million questions per second. At present, the world’s fastest supercomputer is Tianhe 2 of China.
What is the use of supercomputers?
Supercomputers are used in many fields.
Such as – for research and design in the scientific and technical field, for locating oil deposits in the petroleum industry, in designing in aircraft and automobile industry, in space research, in weather forecasting in meteorology, defence sector In the U.S.
Supercomputers are extensively used in places such as conducting subcritical tests of nuclear furnaces on computers.
Super Computer in India:
Param Super Computer: In India, the ‘PARAM’ series of supercomputers have been manufactured by C-DAC i.e., Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC- Centre for Development of Advanced Computing).
PARAM-8,000 was the first supercomputer developed by C-DAC, which was manufactured in 1991.
The credit for its creation goes to Dr. Vijay Bhaskar, Director, C-DAC.
The ‘Param Padma’ supercomputer was built in 2003, which had a computing power of 1 teraflop i.e., 1 bad computation per second.
‘Param Yuva-II’ supercomputer was created in 2013, which is the fastest supercomputer developed by C-DAC.
It has a computing capacity of 500 teraflops. Such supercomputers are available only in five countries of the world- America, Japan, China, Israel, and India.
What are the applications of computers?
The computer of the ‘Anupam’ series has been developed by BARC i.e., Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Mumbai.
PACE i.e., Processor for Aerodynamics Research and Analysis Group was done by Hyderabad for DRDO i.e., Defense Research and Development Organization.
India’s first supercomputer ‘Flow Salver’ was developed by NAL i.e., National Aeronautical Lab, Bangalore in 1980.
Important Fact- IBM’s Deep Blue computer defeated world chess champion, Garry Kasparov. It could think of 200 million chess moves in a second.
Difference between a supercomputer and a normal computer:
Normal computers can be easily kept in offices in homes, but the size of supercomputers is huge, so it is not possible to keep them in homes.
The cost of the supercomputer is many times more than the normal computer which a normal person cannot buy.
Supercomputer sees high-quality animations which are many times better than a normal computer.
Supercomputers are capable of performing many times more calculations than a normal computer.
The normal computer is used in places like office, school, home, etc. But the supercomputer is used in scientists, engineers, and research laboratories.
The supercomputer is made up of many common computers. Due to which its capacity increases manifold.
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